Political Science MCQs with Answers for CSS/PMS (Plato)

In this Political Science MCQ with answers, you will learn about the Political Views of Plato. We have collected these Political Science MCQs about the thought and philosophy of Plato. Plato is a Greek philosopher, one of the most creative and influential thinkers in Western philosophy. Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens. His father, Ariston, was believed to have descended from the early kings of Athens. Perictione, his mother, was distantly related to the 6th-century BC lawmaker Solon.

When Plato was a child, his father died and his mother married Pyrilampes, who was an associate of the statesman Pericles. As a young man, Plato had political ambitions, but he became disillusioned by the political leadership in Athens. He eventually became a disciple of Socrates, accepting his basic philosophy and dialectical style of debate: the pursuit of truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. Plato witnessed the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 BC.

The concluding years of his life were spent lecturing at the Academy and writing. He died at about the age of 80 in Athens in 348 or 347 BC.

View Complete Life, History, Thoughts, Politics, and Philosophy of Plato here.

Political Science MCQs about Life, Thoughts, Teachings, and Philosophy of Plato

1. The amiable old father of Polemarchus is named.
A. Euripides
B. Cleitophon
C. Cephalus
D. Charmenides

➥ Show Answer

2. What is “justice” as submitted by Polermarchus?
A. Everything is permitted
B. Do unto others as you would have done unto you
C. The interest of the stronger
D. Give good to friends and evil to enemies

➥ Show Answer

3. Socrates enjoys but eliminates most of the verses of which poet?
A. Pindar
B. Sophocles
C. Homer
D. Catullus

➥ Show Answer

4. Agamemnon chose to be a ___ in the tale of the afterlife.
A. King
B. Lion
C. Private man
D. Eagle

➥ Show Answer

5. Thrasymachus enters the dialogue demanding ___
A. Fanfare
B. Admiration
C. Money
D. Recognition

➥ Show Answer

6. Thrasymachus’ “justice” is a form of ____
A. Democracy
B. Oligarchy
C. Timocracy
D. Tyranny

➥ Show Answer

7. Which is not one of the three basic “necessities” of man as given by Socrates?
A. Food
B. Shelter
C. Clothing
D. Pleasure

➥ Show Answer

8. Which is not one of the three basic “classes” of citizens as given
by Socrates?

A. Guardians
B. Producers
C. Senators
D. Auxiliaries

➥ Show Answer

9. _____ and _______ are the two primary headings of education.
A. Science and literature
B. Gymnasium and Music
C. Philosophy and Mathematics
D. Soul and spirit

➥ Show Answer

10. Socrates divides narration into _____ and ______
A. Discursive. Digressive
B. Narrative, imitative
C. Straight, slant
D. Dialogue, description

➥ Show Answer

11. Socrates refers to his inquiry into poetry and music as a ___
A. Bowdlerization
B. Survey
C. Purgation
D. Examination

➥ Show Answer

12. Of which metal is the auxiliaries allegorically composed?
A. Silver
B. Gold
C. Iron
D. Brass

➥ Show Answer

13. Guardians must be made of ____
A. Silver
B. Gold
C. Iron
D. Brass

➥ Show Answer

14. The fundamental aim of the State is toward whose happiness?
A. The ruling class
B. The guardians
C. The craftsmen
D. The whole

➥ Show Answer

15. There are how many principal virtues?
A. None
B. Four
C. Three
D. Seven

➥ Show Answer

16.______ is not a virtue as given by Socrates.
A. Wisdom
B. Eloquence
C. Courage
D. Temperance

➥ Show Answer

17. Socrates’ method of inquiry is called ____
A. Dialectic
B. Lecture
C. Discussion
D. Dialogue

➥ Show Answer

18. Which is not one of the three principles of the human soul?
A. Reason
B. Passion
C. Compassion
D. Appetite

➥ Show Answer

19. Which is considered the ”highest” principle of the soul?
A. Reason
B. Will
C. Valor
D. Strength

➥ Show Answer

20.______ is the great evil of the State.
A. Expansion
B. Discord
C. Harmony
D. Greed

➥ Show Answer

21._______ is the baser form of knowledge.
A. Speculation
B. Insight
C. Opinion
D. Hypothesis

➥ Show Answer

22. The “highest” occupation for man as given by Socrates is ______.
A. War
B. Production
C. Philosophy
D. Artistic creation

➥ Show Answer

23.______ are permitted to lie for the benefit of all.
A. Guardians
B. Republicans
C. Senators
D. Auxiliaries

➥ Show Answer

24. The “wings” Socrates refers to when speaking of a youth’s initiation into war are __ _
A. Horses
B. Stilts
C. Wings
D. Chariots

➥ Show Answer

25. What, says Socrates, should kings study in order to make the
State a possibility?

A. The art of war
B. Poetry
C. Philosophy
D. Politics

➥ Show Answer

26. The main focus of argument in the Republic seeks to determine.
A. The origin of man
B. Peloponnesian War Instigator
C. The nature of the just life
D. Who should be king of Athens?

➥ Show Answer

27. Which of the following is not a cardinal virtue?
A. Courage
B. Temperance
C. Justice
D. Patience

➥ Show Answer

28. The Greek word hubris means _______
A. Greed
B. Love
C. Fairness
D. Arrogance

➥ Show Answer

29. A three-part deductive argument is called
A. An analogy
B. A syllogism
C. A triad
D. A parable

➥ Show Answer

30. Polytheism is _____
A. An illogical argument
B. The belief in many gods
C. The state of overabundance
D. Clothing worn by the Greeks

➥ Show Answer

31. What does The Analogy of the Divided Line demonstrate?
A. The dimensions of the equator
B. Levels of intellect
C. Levels of social class
D. Divisions of family allegiances
➥ Show Answer

32. What does the Allegory of the Cave demonstrate?
A. How justice can be exacted
B. How to build prisons
C. How to house the homeless
D. How ignorance may be brought to the knowledge
➥ Show Answer

33. According to Socrates, who would be the best ruler of the ideal state?
A. An autocrat
B. A philosopher
C. A polytheist
D. A tyrant
➥ Show Answer

34. Which poet does Plato claim to love best?
A. Pindar
B. Aeschylus
C. Sappho
D. Homer
➥ Show Answer

35. The myth of Er tells ______,
A. The story of Helen
B. The story of Perseus
C. The story of death and reincarnation
D. The story of the founding of Athens
➥ Show Answer

36. The highest level of intellect is called __
A. Unattainable
B. Dialectic
C. Omniscience
D. Eclectic
➥ Show Answer

37. Of whom has it been said that Plato rationalized into existence three hundred years before his birth?
A. Julius Caesar
B. Copernicus
C. Jesus Christ
D. Karl Marx
➥ Show Answer

38. In Plato’s “The Republic”, who does Socrates suggest should rule over society?
A. The military
B. An elite group of “philosopher-kings”
C. An elected parliament
D. Nobody; no man should rule over any other man
➥ Show Answer

39. In Plato’s “The Republic”, Socrates argues for freedom of expression and against censorship.
A. True
B. False
➥ Show Answer

40. What is the primary subject of Socrates’ dialogues with Theaetetus?
A. The origin of the universe
B. The best form of civic government
C. The nature of human knowledge
D. Whether or not God exists
➥ Show Answer

41. Plato and his most esteemed student, Aristotle, both appear in the painting “The School of Athens” by which Renaissance master?
A. Michelangelo
B. Titian
C. Leonardo da Vinci
D. Raphael
➥ Show Answer

42. Which subject does Socrates discuss in ”Euthyphro”?
A. Piety and our duties toward the gods
B. How to determine if a war is just
C. The purpose of art and music
D. The need to discipline children properly
➥ Show Answer

43. In Plato’s “Crito”, Crito tries, unsuccessfully, to convince Socrates to do which of the following things?
A. Renounce his philosophy
B. Become the new king of Athens
C. Flee from Athens
D. Urge the masses to rise up in revolt
➥ Show Answer

44. What is the subject of Plato’s “The Symposium”?
A. Love
B. Death
C. War
D. Justice
➥ Show Answer

45. In “The Symposium”, what Greek playwright suggests that all human beings are seeking their missing other halves?
A. Sophocles
B. Euripides
C. Aeschylus
D. Aristophanes
➥ Show Answer

46. Which of Plato’s works describes the trial of Socrates and Socrates’ defense against charges that he was corrupting the youth of Athens?
A. Meno
B. Crito
C. Timaeus
D. The Apology
➥ Show Answer

47. According to Plato’s “Phaedo”, what was Socrates’ demeanor in his cell, as he awaited his pending execution?
A. Pleasant, calm, and resigned to his fate
B. Saddened and depressed
C. Angered by the injustice of his sentence
D. Extremely afraid
➥ Show Answer

48. What is Plato’s aim in The Republic?
A. To define justice
B. To prove that Justice is worthwhile to pursue its own sake
C. To prove that justice is the advantage of the stronger
D. To define justice and to prove that it is worthwhile to pursue its own sake
➥ Show Answer

49. Which of Socrates’s interlocutors asserts that justice is nothing but the advantage of the stronger?
A. Adeimantus
B. Thrasymachus
C. Glaucon
D. Polemarchus
➥ Show Answer

50. Which of the following terms best describes Thrasymachus?
A. Platonist
B. Pre-Socratic
C. Sophist
D. Politician
➥ Show Answer

You may also like these:

Political Science MCQs

MCQs of Political Science

Political Science is a major subject. MCQs of Political Science is vastly considered in many competitive examinations. Here, you will find MCQs of Political Science with a variety of other topics. These topics include Foreign policy, International Law, International Organizations, Western and Muslim political thoughts, political ideologies, different forms of government, and the constitution of Pakistan. Find below MCQs of Political Science:

Topics Topics
Comparative Politics Foreign Policy (UK/USA)
Foreign Policy of Pakistan International Law
International Organization International Relations (IR)
Local Government Questions Western Political Thoughts
Western Political Philosopher
Machiavelli Thomas Hobbes
John Locke  Rousseau
Edmund Burke Aristotle
Plato Jeremy Bentham
John Stuart Mill Karl Marx
Political System of the Nations
United Kingdom (UK) United States (USA)
France Germany
 India  China 
Pakistan  

1 Comment

Add a Comment
  1. Allaaaa kam kia ap ny.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

seven − 1 =